Wednesday, July 19, 2006

Sobre "Senhorita Júlia", de Strindberg

Fragmento de uma biografia do Strindberg:

"To escape the uproar which he had stirred up, Strinberg moved in 1883 to France with his family. Between the years 1884 and 1887 he lived with short interruptions in Switzerland. During this time he corresponded with Friedrich Nietzsche, and became interested of the works of Edgar Allan Poe. Under financial and marital difficulties, Strindberg started to show symptoms of emotional crisis. Feelings of persecution were suppressed by heavy drinking of absinthe. Eventually he started to believe his wife wanted to have him locked away in a mental institution. The publication of the first part of his scenes of marital life, Getting Married (1884), outraged the Swedish establishment, especially the short story 'Reward of virtue', in which Strindberg mocked the Eucharist. The book was confiscated, Strindberg was prosecuted for blasphemy but acquitted. In Sweden the younger generation hailed him as a hero. Getting Married was inspired by Ibsen's play A Doll's House (1883), but Strindberg was more on the side of Nora's husband.

FRÖKEN JULIE (1888, Miss Julie), Stridberg's next major drama after FADREN (1887, The Father), coupled one of his favorite themes, the Darwinian battle between the sexes, with a social struggle and love-hate bond. Strindberg wrote it durring his stay in Denmark. The protagonist, Julie, a daughter of a count, allows herself to be seduced by her father's servant Jean. She must then confront the situation, in which Jean, a man on the rise, turns out to be the stronger person. Julie causes her own tragic fate. Unable to arrive at any reasonable plan, she orders Jean to hypnotize her into committing suicide.

"The Thèâtre Libre did not start its activity by proclaiming any program; it has never developed an aesthetic, never wanted to for a school... All prohibitive laws have been canceled, and only the demands of taste and of the modern spirit are allowed to determine the artistic form." (from 'On Modern Drama and Modern Theatre', 1889, in Samlade Skrifter, XVII, 1913) "

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